# Function List

A complete list of all 480+ functions useable within Excel, grouped by category.

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To find the function you're looking for, click one of the categories listed below to jump to that corresponding table. If you know the name of the function or part of the description, try pressing ctrl+F to search the entire page, if not, try search bar located at the top of the page.

## Categories:

Add-in and Automation - Aids in the dynamic integration of external data sources

Cube - Retrieve values from data models to build customized reports without relying on pivot tables

Database - Used to manipulate and analyze data stores in lists or databases

Date and Time - Assists with manipulation and calculation of various dates and times

Engineering - Common engineering functions, and ability to convert between different bases and complex numbers

Financial - Basic financial calculations such as future value, discount rate, depreciation, and yield.

Information - Gives meta info from workbooks and compares logical values

Logical - Allows the use of logical operators like "If/And/Or/Xor" across a range of different criteria.

Lookup - Filters and returns specified data

Math and trigonometry - Commonly used mathematical functions and operators

Statistical - Provides statistical analysis tools to better understand correlations and deviations

Text - Gives control over any text related field, searching, converting, formatting, and editing

Web - Allows the collection of data from the web using xml and xpath

## Add-in and Automation:

These functions aid in the dynamic integration with specific external data sources.

Title | Description |
---|---|

CALL | Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource |

EUROCONVERT | Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation). |

REGISTER.ID | Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered |

## Cube:

These functions are used to retrieve values from data models to build customized reports without relying on pivot tables. These are the base calculations and transformations done behind the scenes when a pivot table is created.

Title | Description |
---|---|

CUBEKPIMEMBER | Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance. |

CUBEMEMBER | Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube. |

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY | Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member. |

CUBERANKEDMEMBER | Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students. |

CUBESET | Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel. |

CUBESETCOUNT | Returns the number of items in a set. |

CUBEVALUE | Returns an aggregated value from a cube. |

## Database:

The main functions used to manipulate and analyze data stores in lists or databases.

Title | Description |
---|---|

DAVERAGE | Returns the average of selected database entries |

DCOUNT | Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database |

DCOUNTA | Counts nonblank cells in a database |

DGET | Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria |

DMAX | Returns the maximum value from selected database entries |

DMIN | Returns the minimum value from selected database entries |

DPRODUCT | Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database |

DSTDEV | Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries |

DSTDEVP | Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries |

DSUM | Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria |

DVAR | Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries |

DVARP | Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries |

## Date and Time:

These functions assists with manipulation and calculation of various dates and times.

Title | Description |
---|---|

DATE | Returns the serial number of a particular date |

DATEDIF | Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age. |

DATEVALUE | Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number |

DAY | Converts a serial number to a day of the month |

DAYS | Returns the number of days between two dates |

DAYS360 | Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year |

EDATE | Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date |

EOMONTH | Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months |

HOUR | Converts a serial number to an hour |

ISOWEEKNUM | Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date |

MINUTE | Converts a serial number to a minute |

MONTH | Converts a serial number to a month |

NETWORKDAYS | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates |

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days |

NOW | Returns the serial number of the current date and time |

SECOND | Converts a serial number to a second |

TIME | Returns the serial number of a particular time |

TIMEVALUE | Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number |

TODAY | Returns the serial number of today's date |

WEEKDAY | Converts a serial number to a day of the week |

WEEKNUM | Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year |

WORKDAY | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays |

WORKDAY.INTL | Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days |

YEAR | Converts a serial number to a year |

YEARFRAC | Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date |

## Engineering:

Your most common engineering functions, giving you the ability to convert between different bases and complex numbers.

Title | Description |
---|---|

BESSELI | Returns the modified Bessel function In(x) |

BESSELJ | Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) |

BESSELK | Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) |

BESSELY | Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) |

BIN2DEC | Converts a binary number to decimal |

BIN2HEX | Converts a binary number to hexadecimal |

BIN2OCT | Converts a binary number to octal |

BITAND | Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers |

BITLSHIFT | Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits |

BITOR | Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers |

BITRSHIFT | Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits |

BITXOR | Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers |

COMPLEX | Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number |

CONVERT | Converts a number from one measurement system to another |

DEC2BIN | Converts a decimal number to binary |

DEC2HEX | Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal |

DEC2OCT | Converts a decimal number to octal |

DELTA | Tests whether two values are equal |

ERF | Returns the error function |

ERF.PRECISE | Returns the error function |

ERFC | Returns the complementary error function |

ERFC.PRECISE | Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity |

GESTEP | Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value |

HEX2BIN | Converts a hexadecimal number to binary |

HEX2DEC | Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal |

HEX2OCT | Converts a hexadecimal number to octal |

IMABS | Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number |

IMAGINARY | Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number |

IMARGUMENT | Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians |

IMCONJUGATE | Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number |

IMCOS | Returns the cosine of a complex number |

IMCOSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number |

IMCOT | Returns the cotangent of a complex number |

IMCSC | Returns the cosecant of a complex number |

IMCSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number |

IMDIV | Returns the quotient of two complex numbers |

IMEXP | Returns the exponential of a complex number |

IMLN | Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG10 | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG2 | Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number |

IMPOWER | Returns a complex number raised to an integer power |

IMPRODUCT | Returns the product of complex numbers |

IMREAL | Returns the real coefficient of a complex number |

IMSEC | Returns the secant of a complex number |

IMSECH | Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number |

IMSIN | Returns the sine of a complex number |

IMSINH | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number |

IMSQRT | Returns the square root of a complex number |

IMSUB | Returns the difference between two complex numbers |

IMSUM | Returns the sum of complex numbers |

IMTAN | Returns the tangent of a complex number |

OCT2BIN | Converts an octal number to binary |

OCT2DEC | Converts an octal number to decimal |

OCT2HEX | Converts an octal number to hexadecimal |

##### Financial:

These are your basic financial functions, allowing you to calculate future/present value, discount rates, depreciation, different yields, and loan calculations.

Title | Description |
---|---|

ACCRINT | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest |

ACCRINTM | Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity |

AMORDEGRC | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient |

AMORLINC | Returns the depreciation for each accounting period |

COUPDAYBS | Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date |

COUPDAYS | Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date |

COUPDAYSNC | Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date |

COUPNCD | Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date |

COUPNUM | Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date |

COUPPCD | Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date |

CUMIPMT | Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods |

CUMPRINC | Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods |

DB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method |

DDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify |

DISC | Returns the discount rate for a security |

DOLLARDE | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number |

DOLLARFR | Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction |

DURATION | Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments |

EFFECT | Returns the effective annual interest rate |

FV | Returns the future value of an investment |

FVSCHEDULE | Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates |

INTRATE | Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security |

IPMT | Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period |

IRR | Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows |

ISPMT | Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment |

MDURATION | Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 |

MIRR | Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates |

NOMINAL | Returns the annual nominal interest rate |

NPER | Returns the number of periods for an investment |

NPV | Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate |

ODDFPRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period |

ODDFYIELD | Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period |

ODDLPRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period |

ODDLYIELD | Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period |

PDURATION | Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value |

PMT | Returns the periodic payment for an annuity |

PPMT | Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period |

PRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest |

PRICEDISC | Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security |

PRICEMAT | Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity |

PV | Returns the present value of an investment |

RATE | Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity |

RECEIVED | Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security |

RRI | Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment |

SLN | Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period |

SYD | Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period |

TBILLEQ | Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill |

TBILLPRICE | Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill |

TBILLYIELD | Returns the yield for a Treasury bill |

VDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method |

XIRR | Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic |

XNPV | Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic |

YIELD | Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest |

YIELDDISC | Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill |

YIELDMAT | Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity |

##### Informational:

These functions give meta info from workbooks and compares logical values.

Title | Description |
---|---|

CELL | Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell
This function is not available in Excel for the web. |

ERROR.TYPE | Returns a number corresponding to an error type |

INFO | Returns information about the current operating environment
This function is not available in Excel for the web. |

ISBLANK | Returns TRUE if the value is blank |

ISERR | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A |

ISERROR | Returns TRUE if the value is any error value |

ISEVEN | Returns TRUE if the number is even |

ISFORMULA | Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula |

ISLOGICAL | Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value |

ISNA | Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value |

ISNONTEXT | Returns TRUE if the value is not text |

ISNUMBER | Returns TRUE if the value is a number |

ISODD | Returns TRUE if the number is odd |

ISREF | Returns TRUE if the value is a reference |

ISTEXT | Returns TRUE if the value is text |

N | Returns a value converted to a number |

NA | Returns the error value #N/A |

SHEET | Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet |

SHEETS | Returns the number of sheets in a reference |

TYPE | Returns a number indicating the data type of a value |

##### Logical:

These functions allow the use of logical operators like "If/And/Or/Xor" across a range of different criteria.

Title | Description |
---|---|

AND | Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE |

FALSE | Returns the logical value FALSE |

IF | Specifies a logical test to perform |

IFERROR | Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula |

IFNA | Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression |

IFS | Checks whether one or more conditions are met and returns a value that corresponds to the first TRUE condition. |

NOT | Reverses the logic of its argument |

OR | Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE |

SWITCH | Evaluates an expression against a list of values and returns the result corresponding to the first matching value. If there is no match, an optional default value may be returned. |

TRUE | Returns the logical value TRUE |

XOR | Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments |

##### Lookup and Reference:

These functions give different options to filter and return specific data.

Title | Description |
---|---|

ADDRESS | Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet |

AREAS | Returns the number of areas in a reference |

CHOOSE | Chooses a value from a list of values |

COLUMN | Returns the column number of a reference |

COLUMNS | Returns the number of columns in a reference |

FILTER | Filters a range of data based on criteria you define |

FORMULATEXT | Returns the formula at the given reference as text |

GETPIVOTDATA | Returns data stored in a PivotTable report |

HLOOKUP | Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell |

HYPERLINK | Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet |

INDEX | Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array |

INDIRECT | Returns a reference indicated by a text value |

LOOKUP | Looks up values in a vector or array |

MATCH | Looks up values in a reference or array |

OFFSET | Returns a reference offset from a given reference |

ROW | Returns the row number of a reference |

ROWS | Returns the number of rows in a reference |

RTD | Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation |

SORT | Sorts the contents of a range or array |

SORTBY | Sorts the contents of a range or array based on the values in a corresponding range or array |

TRANSPOSE | Returns the transpose of an array |

UNIQUE | Returns a list of unique values in a list or range |

VLOOKUP | Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell |

XLOOKUP | Searches a range or an array, and returns an item corresponding to the first match it finds. If a match doesn't exist, then XLOOKUP can return the closest (approximate) match. |

XMATCH | Returns the relative position of an item in an array or range of cells. |

##### Math and Trigonometry:

These functions are commonly used mathematical tools, functions, and operators.

Title | Description |
---|---|

ABS | Returns the absolute value of a number |

ACOS | Returns the arccosine of a number |

ACOSH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number |

ACOT | Returns the arccotangent of a number |

ACOTH | Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number |

AGGREGATE | Returns an aggregate in a list or database |

ARABIC | Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number |

ASIN | Returns the arcsine of a number |

ASINH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number |

ATAN | Returns the arctangent of a number |

ATAN2 | Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates |

ATANH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number |

BASE | Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base) |

CEILING.MATH | Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

CEILING.PRECISE | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. |

COMBIN | Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects |

COMBINA |
Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items |

COS | Returns the cosine of a number |

COSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number |

COT | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number |

COTH | Returns the cotangent of an angle |

CSC | Returns the cosecant of an angle |

CSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle |

DECIMAL | Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number |

DEGREES | Converts radians to degrees |

EVEN | Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer |

EXP | Returns e raised to the power of a given number |

FACT | Returns the factorial of a number |

FACTDOUBLE | Returns the double factorial of a number |

FLOOR.MATH | Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

FLOOR.PRECISE | Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. |

GCD | Returns the greatest common divisor |

INT | Rounds a number down to the nearest integer |

ISO.CEILING | Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance |

LCM | Returns the least common multiple |

LET | Assigns names to calculation results to allow storing intermediate calculations, values, or defining names inside a formula |

LN | Returns the natural logarithm of a number |

LOG | Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base |

LOG10 | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number |

MDETERM | Returns the matrix determinant of an array |

MINVERSE | Returns the matrix inverse of an array |

MMULT | Returns the matrix product of two arrays |

MOD | Returns the remainder from division |

MROUND | Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple |

MULTINOMIAL | Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers |

MUNIT | Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension |

ODD | Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer |

PI | Returns the value of pi |

POWER | Returns the result of a number raised to a power |

PRODUCT | Multiplies its arguments |

QUOTIENT | Returns the integer portion of a division |

RADIANS | Converts degrees to radians |

RAND | Returns a random number between 0 and 1 |

RANDARRAY | Returns an array of random numbers between 0 and 1. However, you can specify the number of rows and columns to fill, minimum and maximum values, and whether to return whole numbers or decimal values. |

RANDBETWEEN | Returns a random number between the numbers you specify |

ROMAN | Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text |

ROUND | Rounds a number to a specified number of digits |

ROUNDDOWN | Rounds a number down, toward zero |

ROUNDUP | Rounds a number up, away from zero |

SEC | Returns the secant of an angle |

SECH | Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle |

SEQUENCE | Generates a list of sequential numbers in an array, such as 1, 2, 3, 4 |

SERIESSUM | Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula |

SIGN | Returns the sign of a number |

SIN | Returns the sine of the given angle |

SINH | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number |

SQRT | Returns a positive square root |

SQRTPI | Returns the square root of (number * pi) |

SUBTOTAL | Returns a subtotal in a list or database |

SUM | Adds its arguments |

SUMIF | Adds the cells specified by a given criteria |

SUMIFS | Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria |

SUMPRODUCT | Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components |

SUMSQ | Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments |

SUMX2MY2 | Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays |

SUMX2PY2 | Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays |

SUMXMY2 | Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays |

TAN | Returns the tangent of a number |

TANH | Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number |

TRUNC | Truncates a number to an integer |

##### Statistical:

These functions provide statistical analysis tools to better understand correlations and deviations.

Title | Description |
---|---|

AVEDEV | Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean |

AVERAGE | Returns the average of its arguments |

AVERAGEA | Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

AVERAGEIF | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria |

AVERAGEIFS | Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria. |

BETA.DIST | Returns the beta cumulative distribution function |

BETA.INV | Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution |

BINOM.DIST | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability |

BINOM.DIST.RANGE | Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution |

BINOM.INV | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value |

CHISQ.DIST | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function |

CHISQ.DIST.RT | Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.INV | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function |

CHISQ.INV.RT | Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution |

CHISQ.TEST | Returns the test for independence |

CONFIDENCE.NORM | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean |

CONFIDENCE.T | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution |

CORREL | Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets |

COUNT | Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments |

COUNTA | Counts how many values are in the list of arguments |

COUNTBLANK | Counts the number of blank cells within a range |

COUNTIF | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria |

COUNTIFS | Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria |

COVARIANCE.P | Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations |

COVARIANCE.S | Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets |

DEVSQ | Returns the sum of squares of deviations |

EXPON.DIST | Returns the exponential distribution |

F.DIST | Returns the F probability distribution |

F.DIST.RT | Returns the F probability distribution |

F.INV | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

F.INV.RT | Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution |

F.TEST | Returns the result of an F-test |

FISHER | Returns the Fisher transformation |

FISHERINV | Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation |

FORECAST | Returns a value along a linear trend
In Excel 2016, this function is replaced with FORECAST.LINEAR as part of the new Forecasting functions, but it's still available for compatibility with earlier versions. |

FORECAST.ETS | Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm |

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT | Returns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date |

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY | Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series |

FORECAST.ETS.STAT | Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting |

FORECAST.LINEAR | Returns a future value based on existing values |

FREQUENCY | Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array |

GAMMA | Returns the Gamma function value |

GAMMA.DIST | Returns the gamma distribution |

GAMMA.INV | Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution |

GAMMALN | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Î“(x) |

GAMMALN.PRECISE | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Î“(x) |

GAUSS | Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution |

GEOMEAN | Returns the geometric mean |

GROWTH | Returns values along an exponential trend |

HARMEAN | Returns the harmonic mean |

HYPGEOM.DIST | Returns the hypergeometric distribution |

INTERCEPT | Returns the intercept of the linear regression line |

KURT | Returns the kurtosis of a data set |

LARGE | Returns the k-th largest value in a data set |

LINEST | Returns the parameters of a linear trend |

LOGEST | Returns the parameters of an exponential trend |

LOGNORM.DIST | Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution |

LOGNORM.INV | Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution |

MAX | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments |

MAXA | Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

MAXIFS | Returns the maximum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria |

MEDIAN | Returns the median of the given numbers |

MIN | Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments |

MINA | Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values |

MINIFS | Returns the minimum value among cells specified by a given set of conditions or criteria. |

MODE.MULT | Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data |

MODE.SNGL | Returns the most common value in a data set |

NEGBINOM.DIST | Returns the negative binomial distribution |

NORM.DIST | Returns the normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.S.DIST | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NORM.S.INV | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution |

NORMINV | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution |

PEARSON | Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

PERCENTILE.EXC | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive |

PERCENTILE.INC | Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range |

PERCENTRANK.EXC | Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set |

PERCENTRANK.INC | Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set |

PERMUT | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects |

PERMUTATIONA | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects |

PHI | Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution |

POISSON.DIST | Returns the Poisson distribution |

PROB | Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits |

QUARTILE.EXC | Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive |

QUARTILE.INC | Returns the quartile of a data set |

RANK.AVG | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

RANK.EQ | Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers |

RSQ | Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

SKEW | Returns the skewness of a distribution |

SKEW.P | Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean |

SLOPE | Returns the slope of the linear regression line |

SMALL | Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set |

STANDARDIZE | Returns a normalized value |

STDEV.P | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population |

STDEV.S | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample |

STDEVA | Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values |

STDEVPA | Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

STEYX | Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression |

T.DIST | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution |

T.DIST.2T | Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution |

T.DIST.RT | Returns the Student's t-distribution |

T.INV | Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom |

T.INV.2T | Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution |

T.TEST | Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test |

TREND | Returns values along a linear trend |

TRIMMEAN | Returns the mean of the interior of a data set |

VAR.P | Calculates variance based on the entire population |

VAR.S | Estimates variance based on a sample |

VARA | Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values |

VARPA | Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values |

WEIBULL.DIST | Returns the Weibull distribution |

Z.TEST | Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test |

##### Text:

These functions give control over any text related field, searching, converting, formatting, and editing.

Title | Description |
---|---|

ARRAYTOTEXT | Returns an array of text values from any specified range |

ASC | Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters |

BAHTTEXT | Converts a number to text, using the ÃŸ (baht) currency format |

CHAR | Returns the character specified by the code number |

CLEAN | Removes all nonprintable characters from text |

CODE | Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string |

CONCAT | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, but it doesn't provide the delimiter or IgnoreEmpty arguments. |

CONCATENATE | Joins several text items into one text item |

DBCS | Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters |

DOLLAR | Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format |

EXACT | Checks to see if two text values are identical |

FIND | Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) |

FIXED | Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals |

JIS | Changes half-width (single-byte) characters within a string to full-width (double-byte) characters |

LEFT | Returns the leftmost characters from a text value |

LEN | Returns the number of characters in a text string |

LOWER | Converts text to lowercase |

MID | Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify |

NUMBERVALUE | Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner |

PHONETIC | Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string |

PROPER | Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value |

REPLACE | Replaces characters within text |

REPT | Repeats text a given number of times |

RIGHT | Returns the rightmost characters from a text value |

SEARCH | Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) |

SUBSTITUTE | Substitutes new text for old text in a text string |

T | Converts its arguments to text |

TEXT | Formats a number and converts it to text |

TEXTJOIN | Combines the text from multiple ranges and/or strings, and includes a delimiter you specify between each text value that will be combined. If the delimiter is an empty text string, this function will effectively concatenate the ranges. |

TRIM | Removes spaces from text |

UNICHAR | Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value |

UNICODE | Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text |

UPPER | Converts text to uppercase |

VALUE | Converts a text argument to a number |

VALUETOTEXT | Returns text from any specified value |

##### Web:

These functions allow the collection of data from the web using XML and XPATH.

Title | Description |
---|---|

ENCODEURL | Returns a URL-encoded string
This function is not available in Excel for the web. |

FILTERXML | Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath
This function is not available in Excel for the web. |

WEBSERVICE | Returns data from a web service.
This function is not available in Excel for the web. |